Ireland is full of photo opportunities for any type
of photographer. Obviously landscapes are the first thought, but don't forget
the people, flora and fauna. Ireland does present some challenges as the weather
can often be wet and windy, but a few simple precautions can ensure the safety
of your equipment and good images. Following are some Basic
Tips, Ireland Specific Photo Information,
Free Tool recommendations as well as
Photo Software you'll have to pay for. Following
that are some General Tips that are also on our
Ireland Travel Tips page, but are photo specific.
Basic Tips |
Ireland Specific Photo Information
Free Photo Tools |
Photo Software |
General Tips |
Ireland Photo Travel Tips
Make sure you have some practice time with your camera before you leave. The
week or day before is not the time to buy a new camera. Get used to it and
read the manual so you know how to charge it, change the battery, memory card
and settings. Get a good
that will hold your gear comfortably. Don't take to much, just what you'll
need. Gear gets heavy quickly, especially unused lenses. I take my
Lowepro Slingshot 200
everywhere for two reasons. First, it is less likely to get stolen if it is
with me. Second, I won't miss photo opportunities. A camera in the
get stolen, and can't take a picture of the donkey cart that just rounded
the corner. Consider storing your filled memory cards or storage device separate
from your camera. That way if it does meet with misadventure, you won't lose
everything. Digital is cheap, so take pictures of everything you might want
to remember. Take good pictures, don't just snap wildly, but don't be afraid
to take pictures of signs and plaques to supplement your memory. I shoot with
and a couple of lenses, the
(a great all purpose travel lens) and the
for landscapes. You can get good pictures with most digital cameras, but I'd
strongly recommend a
with removable lenses for great pictures. You'll focus faster, get less blurry
pictures and all around be much happier than with a
point and shoot digitalcamera.
Consider purchasing an
image storage device
(Nexto, Jobo and Hyperdrive are good brands), a
to take with you. Ireland is pretty wired so you can make connections almost
everywhere and read your email as well as store images. Take a variety of
sizes of zip lock plastic bags. They are good for keeping things dry and storing
mementos (shells, rocks...). Take a marker to label the bags. I store my cords
and charges in them as well. Consider getting some kind of plastic camera
for those wetter days.
The following tips are general. You can do more research on your own for
subjects like ISO,
filters and image composition.
- Pre Trip Check - make sure you have all the attachments, cords
and small bits
- Camera in bag
- Battery in camera
- Batteries fully charged
- Spare battery in bag
- Charger and cords in bag
- Power Adapters in bag
- Memory card in camera
- Spare memory cards in bag
- Lens, flash, filters and other accessories in bag
Image storage device, a
netbook and power cords in bag or luggage
- Ball Head and Plates
- Camera Manual
- Plastic zip lock bags assorted sizes
- Notes, books and preplanning documents
- Pre Check - Before you leave in the morning check over your bag
to make sure everything you'll need is there.
- Camera in bag
- Reset Camera to your default settings, especially ISO and White Balance
- Battery in camera
- Batteries fully charged
- Spare battery in bag
- Memory card in camera
- Spare memory cards in bag
- Lens, flash, filters and other accessories in bag
- Taking the image
- Holding the camera
- Plant both feet firmly on the ground.
- Tuck your elbows against your body.
- Half press the shutter button to pre-focus.
- Just before you snap the picture, take a breath and hold it and
gently squeeze the shutter button.
- Use a tripod if at all possible, especially for landscape photography.
- If you don't have a tripod, brace yourself against a wall, a tree
or other solid object.
- Use "The
Rule of Thirds" or
Fibonnaci Spiral, when composing an image. Divide up the visible
image in the viewfinder into a vertical and horizontal grid like a tic-tac-toe
board. Don't place your subject in the middle of the frame, place it
at one of the four intersecting points on your imaginary or real grid.
Some cameras have this as an option your can turn on to see an overlay
in the display. Applying the "The
Rule of Thirds" or
Fibonnaci Spiral usually results in a more pleasing image. To quote
a famous pirate, think of it as more of a guideline than a rule. It
won't apply in every case. Here is a link to a good article about the
- Put your horizon line on one of the horizontal lines using "The
Rule of Thirds."
- Look for repeating patterns, this makes an image visually interesting.
Staircases, fences and rows of trees are good examples.
- Add depth by getting subjects close and far away in your image.
- Watch what's behind your subject. Don't get a pole growing out of
- Fill the frame. You don't need the whole body in the image. Just
get the upper body and face.
- Change format from horizontal to vertical where appropriate.
- General Tips
- If possible, keep the sun behind you or to the side.
- Get out of bed or the pub and take pictures in the early morning
or late evening light.
- Vary your height. Climb up or kneel down to get different angles.
- Walk closer to your subject, don't rely on your zoom. You'll get
sharper pictures and they'll be better composed.
- Turn off the digital zoom on the camera. It doesn't do anything
except crop your image.
- Learn to use the manual settings on your camera. Don't rely on the
presets all the time.
- Get a polarizing filter and use it.
- Clean your lens often with a lens cloth or lens pen
- Take notes about where you are. Take images of signs. This helps
reconstruct your trip later.
- Helpful Links for more information about taking better images
- In the Field
- Try and put things back in the same place after use. It makes it easier
to find it next time. Always put a filter in the same pocket or in the
same place in your bag.
- Don't set any of your gear down, use it and put it back. It is easy
to leave a filter or card on a wall and not pick it up.
- If you need to change a lens, make sure you're in a dry, clean place
without wind. It keeps the interior of the camera cleaner. Put the lens
back in your bag immediately.
- Think about using a polarizing filter. This can enhance the sky color
and reduce reflection. Here are some good links for more information about
- Another good filter is a graduated ND filter. Because of the extreme
contrast between a bright sky or even an overcast sky and the green of
the Irish countryside, your images can be either to light in the sky or
to dark in the land depending on what you expose for. Following are a
couple of links for dealing with exposure and using graduated ND filters.
- Graduated ND Filters
- Post Check - Before you leave each photo site
- Camera in bag, around neck or in hand.
- Camera bag in hand.
- All other equipment accounted for and in bag or pockets.
- After the Day - When you get back at the end of the day
- Empty your pockets and replace items in Camera Bag.
- Clean Camera externally
- Check for dust if you've changed a lens.
- Reset Camera to your default settings, especially ISO and White Balance
- Reset your exposure to zero or preferred setting
- Clean Lens
- Clean Bag
- Recharge all Batteries
- Empty Memory Cards to Storage Device or store Memory Cards in a safe
- Reformat the cards in the camera after backup
- Enhance your notes or journal the day's activities
Ireland Specific Photography Tips
a travel atlas of Ireland - A good
will contain the major roads and most of the minor ones as well as all the
cities and towns and many sites. You can plan your route and mark points
of interest. We always have ours open to the area we're in while traveling
and review it each night to plan out the next day.
- Do your homework - Research the areas you intend to travel through.
Look up scenic sites and areas. Make a list and mark the locations on your
travel atlas. Read blogs and travel journals. Do image searches of Counties
and towns to see recommended sites and areas you'd like to visit. See examples
below for photos of sites you might want to visit.
- Where should I stay? - Consider staying in cottages for a week
at a time instead of traveling constantly. It is easier to only unload your
luggage once a week rather than every night. If you're staying in B&Bs or
cottages, ask your hosts about sites in the area that you can visit either
that day or the following day. We stayed in a B&B called
Moher Lodge (highly
recommended) near the Cliffs of Moher. Our hostess told us to go there after
hours near sunset and we wouldn't have to pay and we'd be pretty much the
only ones there. On the Dingle peninsula we received some good tips from
our hostess Phil at the
Suan Tra Cottages (highly recommended as a central location in Co. Kerry).
- Festivals - Ireland has a lot of festivals. Look up events in
areas you'll be traveling in and get in on music events, horse races and
other activities you might miss out on. Here are a few links to get you
- When is the best time to take pictures? - As in any location
your best light is around sunrise and sunset. This is referred to as the
golden hour. This means if you want dramatic lighting, you need to be at
the spot at the right time. Tools like
Ephemeris can not only locate the direction of the sun and moon,
but also show you where to stand to get the best angle of light. Scout out
locations the day before and go the next morning or go back in the evening
to a site you discover during the day. This is the advantage of staying
longer in one location. Depending on the time of year, sunset and sunrise
can vary drastically in Ireland. In the summer the sun can set around 11pm
while in the winter in may be at 5pm. The advantage in the winter is that
you can sleep in a little and get good sunset shots and then have dinner.
The sun is also fairly low on the horizon all day providing good light almost
all day long. Check the next tip below for ways to get the accurate sunrise
and sunset times for the days you are traveling.
- Look up Sunrise and Sunset times - Do some research and look
up the sunset and sunrise times in the areas where you'll be staying. By
in large it doesn't vary much throughout Ireland unless you're going to
the extreme North or South. Use online resouces listed below or download
an app for your phone or travel computer.
- What should I wear? Depends on how you travel. By in large the
Irish are less casual in their attire. You won't see jeans and t-shirts
as much as in the US. Leave your Hawaiian shirts and Bermuda shorts at home.
It is hard not to look like a tourist if you have a camera and/or pack.
In large cities attire it isn't an issue unless going to an upscale restaurant
or club. In smaller towns consider business casual to fit in. Keep the bright
colors and neon stuff at home. Items like a photo vest are at your discretion.
In the field they might be helpful. In the city it screams tourist with
expensive camera gear.
- How safe is my gear? - Ireland is pretty much the same as any
other country. If you leave your camera gear in plain sight in the
you'll probably loose it. We've never had a problem, but have heard hard
luck stories. We don't leave anything in the
car overnight and if our luggage
is in the
car, we park it in a visible place. We try and find a
with a trunk or a cover that you can pull over the luggage to hide it. We
don't leave any camera gear in the
car. It is either on our person or in
our room with us. I've carried a
DSLR in my hand all over Dublin and never had an issue. There are areas
that might be less advisable, but you probably won't be in those areas anyway.
Outside the cities is safe although I'd still follow the same precautions.
We prefer staying in cottages so we can leave our luggage there while doing
- What about driving? Driving is on the opposite side of the road
as the US. So is the steering wheel. It takes some getting used to, but
shouldn't put you off. Take your license. Driving in the major cities is
a nightmare, so park and walk or get a bus pass. Use your credit card insurance
if possible. Drunk driving laws are stiff, so have a designated driver if
you're visiting the pubs. Don't be afraid to stop and go back to good photo
opportunities. You'll kick yourself later if you don't. Drive slower than
you would at home. First the roads are narrower and you can't always see
what's coming. Second, you'll see more and be able to stop quickly when
you see a good photo opp. Ignore the speed limit signs. You don't want to
exceed them, but more often than not, you'll never want to go that fast.
Let the locals pass you, slow down at wide spots to let them by. They know
the roads and drive much faster than you should ever attempt.
- Use your phone GPS - Using your phone's GPS, especially if it
is connected to Google maps can help you locate yourself when lost and often
guide you to sites that you can see from the air, but not the ground. It
is also useful for finding roads to sites that are not marked, but you can
trace you way to a main road. Other options are an iPhone,
iPad. Both can store GPS maps via the MotionX
apps and don't require being connected to view the map.
The Photographer's Ephemeris app is
indispensable for determining lighting conditions and planning
- Take pictures of Signs, Plaques and Maps - Irish signs can be
both interesting as photo subjects and helpful in reconstructing your trip.
Some of the town names and locations can be difficult to remember and spell.
Having a photo will make it easy to remember and be in sequence with your
other images. Take pictures of the site signage as well with the details
of the site. These are often quite wordy and having a picture makes it easy
to read at your leisure. I've also taken a picture of an area map that shows
several sites and reviewed on the camera throughout the day. Close up of
plaques will give you the detail of the full statue image you just took.
- Know where you are - Be aware of where you are at all times.
There are not a lot of barriers or warnings in Ireland near dangerous spots.
Don't keep the camera to your eye and walk forward or back, especially near
the Cliffs of Moher. Terrain in graveyards and around ruins are often rough
and holes are obscured by grass. Watch where you're walking, especially
near the shore.
- Photographing inside historic sites - First, check as you come
in to a site, especially with antiquities to see if they allow a flash.
Some locations like St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin allow tripods. This
is a real asset in the low light conditions. If no one is around, use your
common sense and discretion. If you are in a church, don't use the flash
if there are others around. Often raising the ISO and steadying the camera
on a flat surface can substitute for a flash.
- Access to Sites - Many sites may be closed of the season or day.
Don't let that dissuade you from visiting. As long as you're not breaking
and entering, you are probably alright to hop the fence. If the site is
on private land, look for a house or person nearby and ask permission. You
may be charged a nominal fee, but it will be worth it. Some of the best
images at the Cliffs of Moher were taken after the lot was closed. Locals
encouraged us to go on in. Other sites like Mellifont Abbey were accessible
regardless of time of year. Be aware that you will have to climb over walls
for many sites or go over turnstiles. This is normal. Just be careful not
to damage the wall or replace rocks that you might knock down. Always close
gates when you go through them and watch for restless cattle, especially
- Tourists - You are one, but you don't have to be an annoying
one. Don't hold up tours or other groups when taking pictures. Be prepared
to wait for a clear shot at many locations. You can always take more than
one shot and merge them to remove people later if you'd like. A tripod is
almost essential for this technique. Other tourists can be annoying and
pushy. Be prepared to stand your ground in lines and when vying for a good
location. I've had people walk right in front of me and start taking pictures
when I am clearly setting up a shot. Be patient but firm as long as you're
in the right. Don't block driveways or roads. Remember people live here
and don't see the old castle as unique. They just want to get to the store
or get the tractor in the barn.
- What about weather conditions? Plan for rain, dress in layers,
have some waterproof gear and you'll be fine. Weather can shift several
times in a day and by in large you'll be pleasantly surprised that it isn't
as bad as some say.
- Hours of Operation? Irish businesses including banks seem to
have their own hours. In general it is Monday-Friday 09:30-16:30. In Dublin,
banks stay open Thursday until 17:00. What is posted isn't necessarily what
happens. We've stood on the wrong side of a door many a time with the hours
clearly posted, but the door locked. Most businesses are closed on Sunday's
in small towns. If you want to visit specific sites, ask at the tourist
office, call ahead or swing by a day in advance to confirm your visit. Internet
sites are not always reli
- What about power? Irelands electricity supply is 220 volts at
50hz, whereas the United States uses 120 volts at 60hz. You'll need
travel adapters for your electronics. Make sure that your electronic
device can switch to accommodate 220 otherwise you'll need a
travel converter (most include one each of the different
The Free Tools
- The Photographer's
Ephemeris - The Photographer's Ephemeris is a program to assist
the planning of landscape photography. Landscape photographers typically
wish to plan their shoots around the times of sunrise/sunset or twilight,
or alternatively when the moon is in a particular place in a particular
phase. While times of sunrise etc. are readily available on various sites
on the internet (direction of sunrise etc. less so, but still readily found),
there are fewer programs available which combine such information with a
topographical map allowing the photographer to match the astronomical to
the location. A typical use might be to determine when the sun will set
along the axis of a mountain valley, or when a full moon rise will rise
across a lake.
- Image Rescue - Image Rescue is a free tool to recover files from
accidentally deleted or corrupted memory cards. While the software is Lexar
specific, it appears to work on any brand of memory card. Works with any
type of card as well. I've used it on both SD and CF cards. I don't know
how long this link will continue to work. I'd recommend downloading it and
saving it for future reference.
Image Rescue 2
Image Rescue 3 - This is a newer version of Image Rescue from
the Lexar site. You have to enter your email address to download it. I
don't know how long this link will continue to work. I'd recommend downloading
it and saving it for future reference.
- IrfanView is a very fast, small, compact and innovative FREEWARE (for
non-commercial use) graphic viewer for Windows 9x, ME, NT, 2000, XP, 2003
, 2008, Vista, Windows 7. This program will open and display just about
any graphic file format including most camera RAW formats. It doesn't take
much memory and makes a great photo viewer and batch processor.
- Picasa is free photo editing software from Google that makes your pictures
look great. It does basic cataloging, image editing and uploads to Google
- GeoSetter is a freeware tool for Windows (XP or higher) for showing and
changing geo data and other metadata (IPTC/XMP/Exif) of image files (e.g.
images taken by digital cameras). Great for adding geotags to your images
after your trip. Links to Google Maps.
- Paint.NET is free image and photo editing software for computers that
run Windows. It features an intuitive and innovative user interface with
support for layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety
of useful and powerful tools. An active and growing online community provides
friendly help, tutorials, and plugins.
The Not So Free but still excellent Photography Tools
Adobe Photoshop - The most expensive and robust tool out there.
Not for beginners or the casual user, but it will allow just about any kind
of photo editing you might want to do. Check for upgrade options or student
versions to reduce the cost.
Adobe Photoshop Elements
- The lighter version of Adobe Photoshop with a lot of basic functionality
that does pretty much anything your average user will need. Good all around
Adobe Photoshop Lightroom
- Made specifically for photographers. Image adjustments can be made
without altering the original. Has excellent cataloging and organizing features.
This is what I use.
Nikon Capture NX 2
- Excellent image editing for Nikon cameras only. Takes advantage of and
applies the Nikon in camera settings on the screen.
- Mac only product very similar to Adobe Photoshop Lightroom above.
- Specialty software for generating high quality HDR images. This is
supplementary software to one of the products above.
General Photo Related Tips
In Dublin, get a city
bus tour pass. It is cheaper than the regular bus and faster. You can
get on an off the bus at major sites and buses come by quite often. The
driver has a running narrative which can be amusing. Make sure you pay attention
to what color bus you get on. There are red ones and yellow ones, don't
mix them up. Most buses are double deckers and sitting up on top can be
fun if you're taking a longer ride and provide some good photographs. It
is harder to get off when you have to go down the stairs and to the front
to disembark. Another option is the
it wasn't a good buy for us, but it might work for you.
for your electronics when traveling from the US to Ireland. Irelands electricity
supply is 220 volts at 50hz, whereas the United States uses 120 volts at
Make sure that your electronic device can switch to accommodate 220 otherwise
you'll need a
(most include one each of the different adapters).
The plugs in Ireland look like the first two images below. Your normal plug
goes into the back. I usually carry about 3 or 4. The second image is a
good travel converter with different plugs. Don't forget your battery chargers
for your phone, camera and GPS! (see
car online prior to leaving, it is cheaper and
easier than negotiating at the airport. Use
Irish Car Rentals as they have the best prices by in large. Get a manual
if you can drive one, they are a lot cheaper than an automatic. Make sure
you allow for people and luggage in your vehicle choice. Get the smallest
car possible, the roads are narrow, but make sure you are comfortable and
have room for your luggage. We found the Opel Zefira to be a good choice
when traveling with older people. It is easy to get in and out of and holds
a good deal of luggage. It sits up a bit higher than a
car allowing for
An Irish mile can be anywhere from "around the corner" to
10 miles. Plan accordingly when getting directions.
If you are told it is a "wee stretch of the legs," tie on
your walking shoes.
I take a good many pictures when I
travel to Ireland. I've used
point and shoot,
My mileage varies as will yours. The trade off is portability vs. image
quality. The point and shoot fits in your pocket or small bag, but you won't
get the nice interior shots in low light that you can with a
Of course you could be a tourist and use the flash, blinding everyone in
the pub and shocking the poor musician causing him to drop the family fiddle
onto the flagstone floor. OK, you don't want to be that guy (or gal). Learn
how to use your camera, turn off the flash and bump up the
Here are a few cameras that I either
have or want to have when traveling. Read the reviews, think about what
kind of pictures you like to take and get what works for you!
rated weather proof and waterproof camera. Perfect for those soft
Irish days or a tropical beach excursion.
nice performance inside our outside. Will take great pictures in the
makes some great gear. This one is a solid performer across the board.
The next best thing to a DSLR.
The best option to get your feet wet in the DSLR world.
The top end of the Nikon
line without paying an arm and a leg
The next step up is into the Pro line.
Sign distances posted could be in miles or kilometers, and
are often not labeled with either one, just a number. Most are in kilometers
now, but some signs in miles still linger. Distance also depends on the
route. There is more than one way to get anywhere on the back roads.
Stop and "smell the roses," you may not go by here again.
Unless of course, you are near a pig farm, then keep those boots moving.
Directions from a local should be taken with a grain of
salt. Getting a second opinion will probably make it worse.
map of Ireland, city maps are helpful too, especially in
It may not help, but at least you'll see where you should be. We live and
die by our multi-paged atlas. It doesn't show all roads, but enough to get
around the back ways.
Doing a little reading before hand won't hurt. Instead of
the traditional travel books, try these alternatives. They'll give you some
real insight and keep you away from the bad touristy bits.
Here are some books we read, reread or discovered
on our trip. We think you'll enjoy them too. They are all related to
traveling, living and surviving in Ireland. They are best to read after
you've been once. So much will make more sense.
Irish road signs are posted at the road entrance. No advance
notice is given. Be prepared to backtrack a lot. Drive a bit slower for
self preservation and to read the signs easily. Signs are often partially
covered by overgrowth on less traveled roads or missing altogether.
Take the boats to the Islands. Blasket, Skelligs, and Aran
Islands are all worth the trip. The boat trip from Doolin to the Aran Islands
results in a rough ride. Don't take it unless you have a strong stomach
and/or motion sickness pills.
Aran Direct from Ros
a Mhíl (Rossaveal), does a great job of getting you to the Aran Islands.
Ireland is green for a reason! Take rain gear (umbrellas
don't fare well outside the city), but don't be surprised if you don't need
it. Irish weather can change hourly.
Ireland is green for another reason, watch where you walk, the country is
Climb fences, climb hills, and go through gates to get to
sites. Ask permission if there is someone around. If so, you may be charged
a nominal fee. Most of the good stuff isn't where the tourists go. Watch
for small road signs indicating landmarks, monastic sites and other points
of interest. Watch for interesting stone piles on a hill or in a field.
Take the back roads, you'll see a lot more.
Sit at the bar if you want to talk to people. If you sit
at a table they will assume you want to be left alone. You'll get service
and not much else. If you sit at the bar, you're fair game. Buy a round
or a pint for people at the bar, and you're sure to be popular.
If you do traditional travel books, try these. We found
them useful in places, but no one book is perfect.
When you get your rental
car, open the boot/trunk. Check
to see that there is a spare tire. Then check if it is the spare tire that
Don't find yourself out on the Beara Peninsula at 10pm on a Sunday night
with a flat and the spare won't fit!
If you check the box that says you've been on a farm or
in a pasture on your return trip paperwork, you'll have to pull out the
shoes you were wearing and have them sanitized. There is usually a separate
line at the airport that you have to go through that is marked Agricultural.
Either wear the shoes on the plane or have them easily accessible in your
luggage. It isn't easy to be in Ireland without being in a pasture at some
point. Allow some cushion if you can as this process can take some time.